On June 12, 1942, Dutch teenager Anne Frank received a diary as a gift from her parents. This seemingly small event was like the proverbial butterfly flapping its wings and causing a hurricane halfway around the world; the book went on to become one of the most influential of the 20th century and one of the most important records of the Holocaust and World War II in the Netherlands. Try answering these trivia questions about one book that made a huge impact.
Who Was "Kitty," the Name to Which the Diary Entries Were Addressed? Frank's diary entries started with a salutation, usually addressed to "Kitty." It's not known exactly who Kitty was; some say Kitty was an imaginary friend, while others think it referred to one of Frank's schoolmates and friends, also nicknamed Kitty. Yet that Kitty denied it was her. Kitty may have been a reference to a book series that Frank liked, too. Additional entries, or letters, were addressed to different people with names like Conny and Emmy.
How Many Volumes Did Anne Frank Write In?
The diary you read in school is actually a mix of two
different volumes -- and Frank wrote even more than those. Frank
started out with the one diary, which was really an autograph book, but
it worked well for daily musings, too. In 1944, Frank was able to listen
to a speech by a Dutch official who had fled to London, and he asked
that anyone keeping records or journals try their best to preserve them.
At that point, Anne actually started to rewrite her diary to make the
entries neater and more official. After the war, Otto Frank, her father,
combined the two different versions into the book that people read
Anne Frank was a ferocious writer and an intense girl. Her friends recalled her as always writing, and that continued as she went into hiding. She had a couple of other volumes of books, one for stories she wrote and one for quotes that she liked to collect and muse upon.
How Did the Diary Survive the War? When Frank and her family were found and arrested, her diary and her other writings were left behind. The Dutch people who had helped hide the family found the writings when they searched the secret apartment. Miep Gies, one of the Franks' close Dutch friends and a member of the group who helped hide the Franks, held onto the writings and gave them to Otto Frank when he returned to Amsterdam. There were a total of five volumes and several loose pages, but only the composite diary was published. Anne's sister Margot apparently had a diary, too, but that was never recovered.
What Are the "Five Pages" Not Published From the Diary?
The original version of the published diary was missing five pages, and
for years, no one knew what they contained. In 1999, a friend of Otto
Frank's provided the pages. They contained warnings about how Anne Frank
did not want people to see the diary, which Otto Frank kept secret
because he didn't want people to think he was disrespecting Anne's
wishes. They also contained a lot of insight into the marriage between
Otto Frank and Anne's mother, and Otto Frank wanted to keep such
personal information out of the public eye. Current published versions
(since 1999) of the diary now contain those pages.